computer scientist

Tuesday, February 21, 2006



Tim Berners-Lee, Computer Scientist

Born: 8 June 1955
Birthplace: London, England
Best Known As: Inventor of the World Wide Web

Berners-Lee is the primary inventor of the World Wide Web, the system of text links and multimedia capabilities that made the Internet accessible to mass audiences. Lee wrote the original Web software himself in 1990 and made it available on the Internet in 1991. He joined MIT's Laboratory for Computer Science in 1994 and remains a leading authority on Internet issues. His 1999 book Weaving the Web described the Web's birth and growth. In 2003, Queen Elizabeth II announced that Berners-Lee would be made a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) for his work on the Web.
In 2004, Berners-Lee was awarded the first Millennium Technology Prize, a Finland-based award for excellence which carries a cash prize of one million Euros.


Weaving the Web

In Berners-Lee's book Weaving the Web, several recurring themes are apparent:
It is just as important to be able to edit the Web as browse it. (
Wiki is a step in this direction, although Berners-Lee considers it merely a shadow of the WYSIWYG functionality of his first browser.)
Computers can be used for background tasks that enable humans to work better in groups.
Every aspect of the Internet should function as a Web, rather than a hierarchy. Notable current exceptions are the
Domain Name System and the domain naming rules managed by ICANN. Computer scientists have a moral responsibility as well as a technical responsibility

1990 - The World Wide Web

Tim Berners-Lee of CERN high-energy physics laboratory in Geneva developed HyperText Markup Language (HTML), creating the World Wide Web.
It used specifications he developed such as URL (uniform resource locator) and HTTP (hypertext transfer protocol).
The World Wide Web continues today to serve its purpose, allowing people to work together by combining their knowledge in a global web of hypertext documents.
Berners-Lee also designed the first World WideWeb server and browser, which were available to the general public in 1991.



The Interactive Art Jury awarded him an Honorary Golden Nica in the category Interactive Art, which is the biggest rize to be won for computer art.

received a "Kilby Young Innovator" award by the THE KILBY AWARDS FOUNDATION

co-recipient of the ACM Software Systems Award.

In 1995, Tim Berners-Lee received the Kilby Foundation's "Young Innovator of the Year" Award, and an honorary Prix Ars Electronica, and was corecipient of the ACM Software Systems Award.

1996 July,

honorary degree from the Parsons School of Design, New York (D.F.A., 1996) ,
honorary degree from Southampton University (D.Sc., 1996),
awarded a Distinguished Fellowship of the British Computer Society


he was awarded the IEEE Koji Kobayashi Computers and Communications Award, the
Duddell Medal of the Institute of Physics, the Interactive Services Association's
Distinguished Service Award, the MCI Computerworld/Smithsonian Award for
Leadership in Innovation, The International Communication Institute's Columbus Prize,
and an OBE.


he received the Charles Babbage award, the Mountbatten Medal of the National
Electronics Council, the Lord Lloyd of Kilgerran Prize from the Foundation for Science
and Technology, PC Magazine Lifetime Achievement Award in Technical Excellence, a MacArthur Fellowship and The Eduard Rhein technology award.

honorary degree from Essex University (D.U.)

honorary degree from Southern Cross University (1998),


, Time magazine dubbed him one of the 100 greatest minds of the century and he received a World Technology Award for Communication Technology, and an Honorary Fellowship to the Society for Technical Communications.


Received the Paul Evan Peters Award of ARL, Educause and CNI, the Electronic
Freedom Foundation's pioneer award, and the George R Stibitz Computer Pioneer
award at the American Computer Museum, and the Special Award for Outstanding
Contribution of the World Television Forum.

honorary degree from the Open University (D.U., 2000),


Received the Sir Frank Whittle Medal from the Royal Academy of Engineering.

honorary degree from Columbia University (D.Law),
honorary degree from Oxford University
honorary degree from The University of Port Elizabeth (DSc).
Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society,
Honorary Fellow of the Institution of Electrical Engineers.,
member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Fellow of the Royal Society.


Was the recipient of the Japan Prize from the Science and Technology Foundation of
He shared the Prince of Asturias Foundadtion Prize for Scientific and Technical
Research with with Larry Roberts, Rob Kahn and Vint Cerf; became a Fellow of the
Guglielmo Marconi Foundation,
and recieved the Albert Medal of the Royal Society for the encouragement of Art,
Manufactures and Commerce (RSA).

2004 April 14,

Millennium Technology Prize; Finish Technology Award Foundation worth 1 million dollar

Knighthood of the British Empire (KBE) for services to the global development of the Internet.